The Indiana Citizen

The Crossroads of Civic Engagement

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In 1929, the Middletown studies by sociologists Robert and Helen Lynd declared Muncie the typical American city, taking note of its heartland location, growing population and the strength of its local institutions. Thanks to the sociologists and journalists who since have returned regularly to benchmark its progress, Muncie remains one of the most studied cities in America; otherwise it is not what it used to be. Deindustrialization since midcentury led to one plant closing after another, including industrial giants BorgWarner, Chevrolet and the iconic Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company.

With its south side hollowed out, Muncie’s economy has shifted to the north, where Ball Memorial Hospital and Ball State, the state’s fifth largest university, are the main employers, but in lower numbers. As with other Rust Belt cities, changes in the private sector reverberated in the public sector. In 2018, the state took control of the financially struggling Muncie school district, an action previously taken only in Gary, and gave it to the trustees of Ball State.

The city and the campus are all contained largely within House District 34, represented by Democrat Sue Errington, a retired Spanish teacher and former official with Planned Parenthood. Errington was previously a state senator, representing a larger swath of Delaware and adjacent counties with rural populations that tipped the scales against her in 2010 after only one term. The racial diversity and college population of her House district, won two years later, have provided Errington with an electorate friendlier to her unabashed progressivism, which is most pronounced on issues of the environment, abortion rights and K-12 education.

In every session except her first, she has introduced a bill to legalize medical marijuana. None has made it out of committee, as is the common fate of the legislation that she authors. Errington’s entire tenure in the General Assembly has been spent in the minority, leaving her only to make the case against Republican-backed legislation well on its way to passage. She led the futile charge against the takeover of Muncie schools, calling it undemocratic to replace an elected school board with an oversight group chosen by Ball State. Approaching its fourth year in the role, Ball State says it is making progress, citing stabilized enrollment and the first pay raise for teachers in eight years. After running unopposed in 2018, Errington faced a Republican opponent in 2020 who was an unabashed champion of the takeover; she won with about 56% of the general election vote.– Kevin Morgan


(800) 382-9842
200 West Washington Street Indianapolis, IN 46204


  • MA, Spanish, University of Michigan, 1964-1965
  • BA, Spanish/French, Indiana University at Bloomington, 1960-1964
  • Attended, Spanish Literature and Language, Middlebury College


Indiana Manufacturers Association Positions 50
Indiana Manufacturers Association Lifetime Positions 53
Indiana Chamber of Commerce Positions (4 Year Average) 55
Indiana Chamber of Commerce Positions 52
LEAP Forward Positions (Indianna) 67
Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana Positions 89
Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana Lifetime Positions 87
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws Positions 92
National Rifle Association Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 33
Indiana AFL-CIO Positions 100


Retired teacher. Formerly public policy director, Planned Parenthood of Indiana. Delaware County Community Corrections Board, 1993-95. President, Muncie Housing Authority, 1992.


Population: 64,466

Race/Ethnic Origin: 83.4% white, 11.4% black, 1.2% Asian, 1.2% other, 2.8% two or more; 82.2% white non-Hispanic, 2.3% Hispanic.